The official language is Spanish. The second language for
a large portion of the population is English.
The official religion is Catholic. Freedom of religious
choice is respected.
Costa Rica's 7 Provinces
Rica is divided into seven provinces, these are: San José,
Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago, Puntarenas, Guanacaste, and
Limon. Each province is subdivided into regions and these
are subdivided into districts.
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CONDITIONS IN SAN JOSE, C.R.
The country has as a marine territory
known as Coco’s Island. It is a world-renowned natural
reserve, located 548 kilometers from Cabo Blanco in the
Pacific Ocean comprised of 2,400 hectares of land and 73,100
hectares of sea.
A) WATER PASSAGES
The most important
water passages in the country which serve the purpose for
everyday transportation as well as a route for tourists are:
- The Tortuguero Canals and Barra del Colorado, on the
- The Sarapiqui River, on the Northern zone
- The Matina River, on the central Caribbean
- Part of the San Juan River, on the border with
- The Cold River, the Caño Negro Lagoons, and Los Chiles
on the Northern zone
- The Sierpe River, on the Southern zone
- The Tempisque River, on the Gulf of Nicoya
Other rivers of great importance are:
- On the Caribbean: Pacuare, Reventazon, Caribbean
Chrripo, Estrella, and Sixaola
- On the Pacific: Bebedero, Grande de Tarcoles, Coto,
Chirripo, and Parrita
The main airport is the Juan Santamaria International
Airport, located in Alajuela. This airport is only twenty
minutes away from San José.
Other important airports are:
- The Daniel Oduber Quiros International Airport,
located in Liberia, Guanacaste.
- The Tobias Bolaños
Airport located in Pavas, San José, for local as well as
There are also landing fields for local flights situated
in different parts of the country such as: Limon, Tortuguero,
La Fortuna, Tamarindo, Samara, Tambor, Quepos, Palmar North,
Golfito, and San Vito.
C) HIGHWAYS AND ROADS
The whole country is adequately connected by internal
infrastructure. The main artery is the Interamerican
Highway, which connects the two borders from Peñas Blancas
all the way to Paso Canoas. The Cerro de la Muerte (Death
Mountain) region has the road with the highest elevation in
the country with an altitude higher than 3,200 meters above
From Puntarenas to Limon: 246 kilometers by land
From Peñas Blancas (on the Nicaragua Border) to Paso
Canoas (on the Panama Border): 534 kilometers by land
HIGHEST PEAK: Chirripo summit of 3,819
meters above sea level.
HIGHEST VOLCANO: Irazú Volcano
LARGEST VOLCANIC CRATER: Poas Volcano
crater. It has a diameter of 1,320 meters with a depth of
Costa Rican Electricity
Ninety seven percent of the national
territory has electrical service. The voltage in residential
areas is 110v.
Government sector: From 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. from
Monday to Friday. National Banks: From 8:00 a.m. to 3:00
p.m. from Monday to Friday. Some banks offer their services
after regular hours until 7:00 p.m. and others that are
located in some shopping centers are open on Saturdays.
From 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. from Monday to Friday.
Commerce in general, opens Saturdays and Sundays up to
- January 1st: New Years Day
- April 11th: Juan Santamaria Day, National Hero.
- Holy Thursday and Good Friday: Religious activities.
- May 1st: International Labor Day.
- August 15th: Mothers Day.
- September 15th: Independence Day.
- December 25th: Christmas Day.
- July 25th: Annexation of Guanacaste Day.
- August 2nd: Virgin of the Angels Day.
- October 12th: Christopher Columbus Day.